Diabetes Mellitus is also simply known as diabetes. It is a disease characterized by a malfunctioning metabolism and a high blood sugar level.
The result can be low levels of insulin or abnormal insulin resistance. This mixed with inadequate levels of insulin secretion results in diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes mellitus include increased urine production, excessive thirst, extreme fatigue, and excessive thirst and weight loss. These symptoms though may not be present in those people with only mildly elevated sugar levels.
Diabetes mellitus includes type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes, which occur only during pregnancy. Each type has a different cause and different severity of symptoms.
However, all forms of diabetes are dangerous if not treated. With proper management though, people with diabetes can live a long, healthy, normal life.
The main cause of type 1 diabetes mellitus is the loss of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This ultimately leads to an insulin deficiency.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is typically found in children and young adults. It is also termed juvenile diabetes. The common treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus is daily insulin injections to replace the insulin the body is not producing properly, along with careful blood glucose monitoring.
Without careful monitoring and treatment, complications from diabetes could include loss of limbs such as arms, legs, and feet, blindness, and diabetic comas, which can be fatal.
It is extremely important that if you suspect you or your child have symptoms of diabetes, you visit your doctor to be tested. If the tests are positive it is not the end of the world. With careful monitoring and care, type 1 diabetics can live long healthy lives.